Day 3 - History

Hanoi One Pillar Pagoda
The One Pillar Pagoda is a historic Buddhist temple in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. It is regarded alongside the Perfume temple, as one of Vietnam's two most iconic temples.The temple was built by Emperor Ly Thai Tong, who ruled from 1028 to 1054. According to the court records, Ly Thai Tong was childless and dreamt that he met the Bodhisattva, who handed him a baby son while seated on a lotus flower.Ly Thai Tong then married a peasant girl that he had met and she bore him a son. The emperor constructed the temple in gratitude for this in 1049, having been told by a monk named Thien Tue to build the temple, by erecting a pillar in the middle of a lotus pond, similar to the one he saw in the dream.

15 comments:

  1. Well today I learnt about the first university of Vietnam , the temple of literature .We saw many university graduated going back to the historical site to take photos , they must have been so proud to graduate ! I learnt the statues , of the phoenix and the turtle. shows the difference between the 2 animals.One lives on the ground and one lives in the air , One is real one is fake , one is slow and one is fast.Later we went to the Hua Lo , where we learnt how the french treated the political prisoners when they were in Vietnam .I saw the one of the 2 guillotine used to execute these prisoners and learnt the many uses of the almond tree .Looking at the videos and the quality of equipments they had ,I started to compare the way the french treated the Vietnams to the way Japanese treated Singaporeans , both were equally cruel.

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  2. We went to the university or Vietnam,the temple of literature and the Hua Lo prison.The statues of the phoenix and turtles had deep meanings.They all have a long history dating back to a long time.When we went to the prison, there was an eerie feeling at all corners of the prison.Some parts were really scary, like the solitary cell.The videos and items that we were shown allows us to understand how they were treated in the past and how bad they conditions were.

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  3. 2)Ho Chin Minh Mauseluem
    ­ We went to visit the memorial and it was large and heavily guarded. We were also
    lucky enough to see the change of guards. They were also constantly renovating to preserve the
    body of Ho Chin Minh.
    4)Confucious Temple of Lititure
    ­ We learnt about his story and his students. They had to work very hard to pass the
    final exam. We also saw students graduation ceremony. I felt that they had it here as it was a
    education area. They also had a big book that sadi “All the best” to say that all the best students
    were there. In Singapore
    5)Water Puppet
    ­ The music was quite weird but the performance was well coordinated. We learnt that the
    farmers invented the water puppet show. Back then, it was considered a high class
    performance
    6)Ethonology Museum
    ­ We learnt about the different tribes in Vietnam and there were 54 tribes. We also learnt abouthow they live and what they do.

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  4. We got a chance to visit the first university of Vietnam, Temple Of Literature . The statue of the turtle had special meanings that the guide explained to us,we then got to hear the Story behind The Temple Of Literature.We then went to Hua Lo Prison which the americans called Hanoi Hilton Hotel, which were built by the french, the prison had many exhibits that told us more about the gruesome history of Hua Lo Prison

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  5. We then went to the museum of ethnology. We found out about the different ethnic groups in Vietnam. There is a total of 54 ethnic groups. Different ethnic groups are influenced by different countries. They also have different customs and traditions.

    Ho Chi Minh mausoleum was a historical site for Vietnam. Not only the famous Ho Chi Minh body remains there, but that was the street where he said an important speech for Vietnam. When I first entered, I thought it was a palace. This place should not be forgotten for generation. According to the guide, there was an American invasion in Vietnam, giving us an example that it is a stranger inviting himself into one’s house. This should not be allowed as it is very rude and they should at least seek permission from the government and not straight away swarm into their land. This is because it was not only Vietnam was rich in resources, but they had a good location for the military services.
    The literature temple is the oldest and first university in Vietnam. This is a very historic place for Vietnam. The best students would enter the university and if they receive a certificate there, they would carve their name on stone till 1548. There is also a temple for Confucius where people would pray for education needs and help. Students from Vietnam went there for a photo shoot after their examination. I guess this is a tradition since it is the first university.
    Masion Centrale prison was made by the French but was later used by the Vietnamese. This prison was used to keep pilots who tried to bomb or cause destruction to Vietnamese. Although they were so mean to these Vietnamese, the Vietnamese still treated them well, they were even in better condition than some of the lower classed Vietnamese. I think this is very kind of them as during World War 2, the Japanese did not treat the Prisoners of War well. One of the prisoners was John McCain, a senator of America.

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  6. We went to the Vietnam's first national university. The temple was built in 1070 at the time of King. It is one of several temples in Vietnam which are dedicated to Confucius, sages and scholars. The Temple is located to the south of Thang Long Citadel. The various pavilions, halls, statues and stelae of doctors are places where offering ceremonies and all of the scared animals have a meaning of balance. We also went to Ho Chi Minh mausoleum where the famous Ho Chi Minh was buried and kept, the tour guide even told us more about him and his adventures.

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  7. Ethnology Museum
    So since the mausoleum was closed, we had to skip to the museum. It was a fun and interesting trip, teaching us about the 54 tribes in Vietnam. It also showed me a lot of the items that tribes had used as everyday items and also the ritual items that they have.
    We also could see rebuilt life-size models of the houses the tribes used to live in. We could also see the ritual and religious areas.
    Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
    Ho Chi Minh wasn’t the only one to travel around the world. It was his group, named Communist International, Commution, made China a communist country and almost made Japan one as well.
    His body was decided to be preserved and kept in the mausoleum. According to our tour guide, most of the Vietnamese thought that the Americans had infiltrated Vietnam, not just the French. 1/20 of the population of the soldiers in the Vietnam war (French side) are American soldiers. From this, we can tell that the Vietnamese really find America a sensitive topic. At the mausoleum, there were 3 guards patrolling the area and 2 guards were standing guard at the door.
    Temple of Literature
    In the Temple of Literature, we found that the people who graduated from university were taking their graduation photos here. It seems like a really historical area to learn about. There are plenty of tablets on tortoises which are also something like hall of fames to tell people about the top scorers of the students of Confucius. We also learnt that there is an equal balance of yin and yang, out of the four sacred animals, The Dragon, The Phoenix, The Tortoise, The Unicorn. The pairings are usually something positive and negative going together. Eg. The Phoenix & The Tortoise, The tablet & The Tortoise.
    Maison Central
    We came to a prison, at Prison Street One. This made room for more jokes amongst us to putting each other in prison. The wax figures inside really helped us imagine the situations that were drawn to us from the paintings, pictures, relics and stories. Some missing wax figures really let us make fun of situation and certain people though. It was a really interesting trip that let me learn more about the Vietnam War and Civil War.

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  8. Museum of Ethology
    We found out about the different ethnics group.There are 54 ethnics groups in total in Vietnam.

    Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

    Originally,we were supposed to come here first,but the government had to use it and that took priority over us.So instead we went there second.When we were there,our tour guide told us about the American war,which he told us was actually an invasion.

    Temple of Literature

    After lunch,we went to the Temple of Literature,which was the first university in Vietnam.In the past,people were asked to study here for free,and the 1 in rank at the school would be part of the government and had their name carved in a tablet.There are many such tablets in the temple and are all ancient relics.

    Maison Central

    We went to prison where we learned about how the french treated the people who were patriotic,how they tortured them for not believing in the french.We also found out that Vietnamese people did not treat the American pilots,who were prisoners,that badly.

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  9. I learnt the meanings and legends of their creatures, turtle, phoenix at Temple of Ethnology. Then, at Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum I heard the opinion from a Vietnamese

    At Hoa Lo Prison, it was horrifying to see the cruel ways that anti-french were treated. I also learnt about the history of the museum

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  10. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum :
    Ho Chi Minh body is preserved and put in the building. The design was a Russian design. When we were there , a Chinese national cross the line and once the guard saw it, he whistled and wanted the Chinese national to move away. After that, the tour guide talked to us about the Vietnam War . They believe that it was an American invasion on Vietnam and the American had landed 50000 soldiers on the coast of Vietnam. Vietnamese believes thatHo Chi Minh just wanted to reunify the Vietnam and they believe unfortunately, Korea is still broken into 2.

    Museum of Ethology:
    There are lots of races in Vietnam and they use to work for differnet type of people , different type of jobs and where they live.

    Temple of Literature:
    It is to commemorate Confucius and it is also the first university in Vietnam. Only the talented ones will be chosen to go to the university to study.A turtle and phoenix is also put together.

    Hoa Lo Prison:
    We visited the prison and it just scared me when i think about the torture and how the prisoners feel when they are locked up and waiting for their death in a room with their comrades or a random strangers.The Americans are well treated unlike how the French treat the Vietnamese. One of the reason could be because the whole world is focusing on them.

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  11. We went to the Museum of Ethology, where we get to learn about the different ethnic groups. After that, we went to the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, where the body of Ho Chi Minh lies. It is guarded by security guards 24/7. Every security guard will have a 2-hour shift. Then, we went to the Temple Of Literature. There are animals (such as turtle, unicorns, etc.) that represent different things. We found out that this place is built to commemorate Confucius, that is why on the day we went, we saw graduates from a school to celebrate at the temple itself. After that we went to Hua Lo Prison, which were built by the French, the prison had many exhibits that told us more about the gruesome history of Hua Lo Prison. The cells are the original ones; the ones during the war.

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  12. Museum of Ethology:
    There are many races in Vietnam. There were a total of 54 tribes living in Vietnam. We saw the houses they lived in.

    Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum:

    Ho Chi Minh’s body is preserved and kept in the building. The tour guide told us about the American war and it was actually an invasion.

    Temple of Literature:

    We went to the first university of Vietnam which was the Temple of literature. At the Temple of literature there were many people taking graduation pictures. I also learnt about the meaning of the phoenix and turtle statues.

    Hoa Lo Prison:

    At Hua Lo Prison, we learnt how the french treated the vietnamese when they were in Vietnam. The place was dark and eerie and rather scary at times. There were also video clips to let us better understand the history.


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  13. We went to see the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. We could not enter the place as a foreign official was there. We decided to go to the Museum of Ethology first. At the museum, we learnt that there were 54 different tribes in Vietnam and they have many different traditions. We learnt about each tribe. Later we went back to the mausoleum but we did not still did not get to go in. The tour guide told us about the Vietnamese war. After that, we went to the Temple of Literature which was the first university in Vietnam. People who had graduated there went back there to visit be cause of its historic significance.We saw a lot of stone tablets on stone tortoises. Like Singaporeans, the vietnamese are also very education centric. Then, we went to Hoa Lo prison where we saw exhibits about the Vietnamese war.

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  14. When we went to the Ho Chi Minh Memorial, I learnt a lot about the Vietnam/American War between North and South influenced by the Americans and the French. Then, the world was divided into 2, communism and capitalism. Ho Chi Minh travelled around the world to learn ‘chased’ out the 2 foreign countries, American and French, and built the North and South of Vietnam together. We went to the Temple of Literature, which is the first university in Vietnam. There we saw a lot of graduates taking pictures there. This is because the temple had a significance. There the people believed in getting good education and getting good jobs, just like Singaporeans. I also learnt the different cultures of the different races and religions. I also learnt the 4 sacred animals, the unicorn, the phoenix, the dragon and the tortoise and how when 2 of them are put together, they would be balanced (Ying and Yang)

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  15. Museum of Ethnology:
    At the Museum, I learnt that in the past, Vietnam had a lot of tribes and languages. The people in Vietnam at that point of time had different ways of living and they had different items to settle different affairs. As we got deeper and deeper into the Museum, it showed how Vietnamese were influenced by the people of different countries. One very change was the Invention of the Vietnamese Words; the words were written by the French at that time.

    Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum:
    Ho Chi Minh’s body is currently residing in this building. While we were taking pictures, the guide was telling us about the Vietnamese War. To the Vietnamese, it was the American War. At that time, many countries tried to persuade the Americans to stop the war.

    Temple of Literature:
    The temple of Literature was built to dedicate to Confucius. It was considered the first university of Vietnam. At the Temple of Literature there were many people taking graduation pictures. People who graduated from Universities who like to come here to take Graduation pictures with their Friends. As we walked around the Temple, we stopped by a part of the Temple where Stone Tablets were carved with the name of the students who graduated from the Temple at the foot of each Tablet laid a Tortoise.
    When we were at the Altar, there were 2 animals beside the altar. One was the Phoenix and the Other is the Tortoise. Both Animals are sacred as they meant Longevity. The tortoise meant Longevity on Land while the Phoenix meant Longevity in the skies. The Temple of Literature is featured at the back of 100,000 Dong Note.

    Hoa Lo Prison (aka Maison Centrale):
    Hoa Lo meant ''Hell's Hole''. This Prison was built in Hanoi when Vietnam was under the French Ruling. The Prison was built to store mainly the Rebels. The Likelihood when after you enter Maison Centrale are: Get Decapitated, Lifetime Imprisonment, Slave, Short Imprisonment(Least Likely). During the Imprisonment and Decapitation, innocent lives were lost on the way and there was a special place in Hoa Lo where the Innocent Dead were Commemorated. Videos were played around the buildings to give vivid description during that period of time. During a Period of time, Vietnam was given back is freedom and they received full control for the Prison. Soon after a short period of time, the Vietnam War came about. The American Pilots would fly to Vietnam before the attack begun. Some of the Pilots go caught by the Vietnamese Soldiers and they were thrown into Hoa Lo Prison. The Pilot which resides at Hoa Lo Prison were no Ill Treated, but pretty well treated, especially during the Christmas Season. Inside the Prison, there was actually a Small Chapel where the Pastor would normally share the gospel. But during the Christmas Season, the Pilots were treated even better than normal days. The Pilots were allowed to have a Christmas Dinner with their Inmates and Freedom to put up decorations around the Chapel. During the Period where Pilots were kept, the ''Little Vegas'' was born. "Little Vegas" was an area where the Americans can Chill and Relax and relive how they felt in America. In the 1990, the Prison was demolished, left with the gatehouse as the museum.

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